Java Interview Questions


Question: How are Observer and Observable used?
Question: What is synchronization and why is it important? 
Question: How does Java handle integer overflows and underflows?
Question: Does garbage collection guarantee that a program will not run out of
memory?
 
Question: What is the difference between preemptive scheduling and time slicing?
Question: When a thread is created and started, what is its initial state?
Question: What is the purpose of finalization?
Question: What is the Locale class?
Question: What is the difference between a while statement and a do statement?
Question: What is the difference between static and non-static variables?
Question: How are this() and super() used with constructors?
Question: What are synchronized methods and synchronized statements?
Question: What is daemon thread and which method is used to create the daemon thread?
Question: Can applets communicate with each other?
Question: What are the steps in the JDBC connection?
Question: How does a try statement determine which catch clause should be used to handle an exception?
   
   

Q:

How are Observer and Observable used?

A: Objects that subclass the Observable class maintain a list of observers. When an Observable object is updated it invokes the update() method of each of its observers to notify the observers that it has changed state. The Observer interface is implemented by objects that observe Observable objects.
 
[Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

What is synchronization and why is it important?

A: With respect to multithreading, synchronization is the capability to control
the access of multiple threads to shared resources. Without synchronization, it is possible for one thread to modify a shared object while another thread is in the process of using or updating that object's value. This often leads to significant errors.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

How does Java handle integer overflows and underflows?

A: It uses those low order bytes of the result that can fit into the size of the type allowed by the operation.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

Does garbage collection guarantee that a program will not run out of memory?

A: Garbage collection does not guarantee that a program will not run out of memory. It is possible for programs to use up memory resources faster than they are garbage collected. It is also possible for programs to create objects that are not subject to garbage collection
.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

What is the difference between preemptive scheduling and time slicing?

A: Under preemptive scheduling, the highest priority task executes until it enters the waiting or dead states or a higher priority task comes into existence. Under time slicing, a task executes for a predefined slice of time and then reenters the pool of ready tasks. The scheduler then determines which task should execute next, based on priority and other factors.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

When a thread is created and started, what is its initial state?

A: A thread is in the ready state after it has been created and started.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

What is the purpose of finalization?

A: The purpose of finalization is to give an unreachable object the opportunity to perform any cleanup processing before the object is garbage collected.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

What is the Locale class?

A: The Locale class is used to tailor program output to the conventions of a particular geographic, political, or cultural region.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

What is the difference between a while statement and a do statement?

A: A while statement checks at the beginning of a loop to see whether the next loop iteration should occur. A do statement checks at the end of a loop to see whether the next iteration of a loop should occur. The do statement will always execute the body of a loop at least once.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

What is the difference between static and non-static variables?

A: A static variable is associated with the class as a whole rather than with specific instances of a class. Non-static variables take on unique values with each object instance.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

How are this() and super() used with constructors?

A: This() is used to invoke a constructor of the same class. super() is used to invoke a superclass constructor.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

What are synchronized methods and synchronized statements?

A: Synchronized methods are methods that are used to control access to an object. A thread only executes a synchronized method after it has acquired the lock for the method's object or class. Synchronized statements are similar to synchronized methods. A synchronized statement can only be executed after a thread has acquired the lock for the object or class referenced in the synchronized statement.
 
[ Received from Venkateswara Manam]

Q:

What is daemon thread and which method is used to create the daemon thread?

A: Daemon thread is a low priority thread which runs intermittently in the back ground doing the garbage collection operation for the java runtime system. setDaemon method is used to create a daemon thread.
 
[ Received from Shipra Kamra]

Q:

Can applets communicate with each other?

A: At this point in time applets may communicate with other applets running in the same virtual machine. If the applets are of the same class, they can communicate via shared static variables. If the applets are of different classes, then each will need a reference to the same class with static variables. In any case the basic idea is to pass the information back and forth through a static variable.

An applet can also get references to all other applets on the same page using the getApplets() method of java.applet.AppletContext. Once you get the reference to an applet, you can communicate with it by using its public members.

It is conceivable to have applets in different virtual machines that talk to a server somewhere on the Internet and store any data that needs to be serialized there. Then, when another applet needs this data, it could connect to this same server. Implementing this is non-trivial.
 
[ Received from Krishna Kumar ]

Q:

What are the steps in the JDBC connection?

A:   While making a JDBC connection we go through the following steps :

Step 1 : Register the database driver by using :

Class.forName(\" driver classs for that specific database\" );

Step 2 : Now create a database connection using :

Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection(url,username,password);

Step 3: Now Create a query using :

Statement stmt = Connection.Statement(\"select * from TABLE NAME\");

Step 4 : Exceute the query :

stmt.exceuteUpdate();

 
[ Received from Shri Prakash Kunwar]

Q:

How does a try statement determine which catch clause should be used to handle an exception?

A:

When an exception is thrown within the body of a try statement, the catch clauses of the try statement are examined in the order in which they appear. The first catch clause that is capable of handling the exceptionis executed. The remaining catch clauses are ignored.

 
[ Received from P Rajesh]


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